Marram Grass at Whiteford (1) - Flowering Marram Grass, Ammophila arenaria (L.),  on sand dunes at Whiteford Nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales.

Marram Grass, Ammophila arenaria (L.), is the single most significant plant species for the establishment and stabilisation of sand dunes. The sharp, spikey ends on the leaves can force their way upwards through the build up of dry, wind-blown sand. The rootlets and rhizomes can grow in all directions through the loose sediment – forming an inter-meshing network that binds the small particles together.

This extremely drought-resistant perennial plant grows upto 1.2 metres high. It has specially adapted leaves that can roll inwards to prevent water loss in dry conditions. The flower spikes appear between May and August; they are 25cm long and covered with smaller spikelets.

Marram Grass at Whiteford (2) - Marram Grass, Ammophila arenaria (L.), on sand dunes at Whiteford Nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales.

Marram Grass at Whiteford (3) - The wind-eroded face of a sand dune showing a Marram Grass plant and its exposed root system bearing new small plantlets, Whiteford National Nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales. Marram Grass at Whiteford (4) - Marram Grass colonising new wind-blown sand on the dunes at Whiteford National Nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales.

Marram Grass at Whiteford (5) - Flower spikes on Marram Grass, Ammophila arenaria (L.), on sand dunes at Whiteford National nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales.

Marram Grass at Whiteford (6) - View of the old abandoned iron lighthouse from marram grass covered dunes at Whiteford National Nature Reserve, Gower, South Wales.

COPYRIGHT JESSICA WINDER 2013

All Rights Reserved

6 Replies to “Marram Grass on Whiteford Dunes”

  1. Thank you. The sky goes on forever in that location and the cloud patterns are interesting and ever changing. I think Marram Grass grows all over the world; its height would just depend on the growth stage and location. The actual maximun height of most of the marram in the photos would be about 60 cm.

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  2. Thank you, Barry. I appreciate your comments. I am pleased if some of my nature photographs also reflect the way I feel – some wild places are almost like cathedrals in the way that they promote a sense of spiritual well-being.

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